It is a variety of a species of thistle cultivated as a food. The edible portion of the plant consists of the flower buds before the flowers come into bloom. The cynarin in artichokes increases bile production in your liver, which in turn rids cholesterol from your body. It is used in liver and gall bladder treatment.

Artichokes typically have a clean, green, and earthy taste that most vegetables have. They’re low in calories and fat.